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“The food business. Who controls our diet? "

“The food business. Who controls our diet?


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By Sara B. Peña

-What can we find in this most updated edition?
-There are new texts, such as the one that points out the impacts that the Free Trade Agreement between the United States and the European Union (TTIP) would have on our plate if it is approved: more transgenics, meat with hormones and chickens "sanitized" with bleach. Many updated data and a prologue that reflects on the food of the future.
How has your work been received?
-I'm very happy. When the book came out two and a half years ago, it was very well received. In a short time, we launched a second edition, and there were many comments and contributions that I received via social networks.
AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
-What problems do we find with agricultural and food policies worldwide?
-I would point out mainly two. The first, that food has become a business object for large agribusiness and distribution companies, which have enriched themselves at the cost of ending the peasantry, polluting the environment, getting sick and creating hunger in a world of the abundance of food. Second, that we have lost the ability to decide what to grow and eat. They have taken away our food sovereignty.
What are the main causes of hunger in the world?
-It is produced to earn money, not to feed people. It is the logic of agri-food capitalism. There is enough food to feed 12 billion people, according to data from the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food; We are 7 billion on the planet and yet 1 in 9 people go hungry. Nonsense. There is speculation with raw materials, production is relocated and food travels thousands of kilometers before reaching its destination, just to name a couple of examples.
HEALTH
-What happens to our health and to conventional consumer foods and the globalization of food?
-We got sick. The western diet that has become globalized, with highly processed foods, huge amounts of meat, saturated fats and added sugars, has led to a very significant increase in overweight and obesity, with the consequent associated diseases such as diabetes, ischemic heart disease , musculoskeletal disorders and some cancers. Our poor health ends up being their business, for both agribusiness and pharmaceutical companies.
What solutions regarding this issue can we find in your book?
-Be aware of the problem and bet on agriculture and organic food. Although we cannot stay only on the label. What sense would it make to eat some apples from Chile or the United States for more “bio” certification that they have if in Catalonia and Aragon we have a very good production? We must go further. Thus, along with organic food, it is necessary to add the local and peasant component, and for foods that cannot be grown here, such as coffee, fair trade is the best option.
COMPANIES DISGUISED IN GREEN
-Do you speak in this work about the problem of companies disguised in green?
-Yes. One case is the supermarkets that sell organic food. It is a way to wash the image and respond to a growing market niche. Butmodus operandi of large distribution is based on extremely unfair production and distribution mechanisms that have nothing to do with the social and environmental justice that agroecological production does demand.
Why are there policies or advertising that constantly disqualify organic food production?
-Agriculture and organic food threaten the interests of agribusiness by proposing a model of production, distribution and consumption of food antagonistic to the dominant one. Hence, these large multinationals try either to discredit this alternative or to appropriate it by emptying it of its transforming meaning.
RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION
-How should responsible consumption be approached?
-Being very aware that absolute coherence does not exist. Someone will be very consistent buying organic food but will have their savings in a large bank, while another will opt for ethical banking and buy conventional food in a supermarket. The most important thing is to ask ourselves what is behind our daily consumption, look for answers and try to put these alternatives into practice.
What do you think of the fact that organic food is already in large stores?
-It is a way for ecology to reach more people, but is this a critical and transformative consumption? I think not. And most importantly: organic food distributed in supermarkets can easily reproduce the same agribusiness model that we criticize so much: kilometer-long food, misery wages, producer dependence on mass distribution, monocultures ... Of course, with the label "bio" .
NEW WORKS
-What new books are you preparing?
-In recent years, and as a result of my motherhood, I have begun to write about everything that has to do with pregnancy, childbirth and parenting. Capitalism and patriarchy have robbed us women of the ability to decide how we want to give birth and raise. I think it is essential to vindicate this right, to uncover all the violence that exists in childbirth, and that sometimes is not even recognized as such, and to make maternity wards visible in the plural. I'm also working on those now.
Ecoportal.net

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Video: 15 Things You Didnt Know About The Food Industry (June 2022).


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