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Since then, Uruguay has received praise from the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the World Bank and shone with its own light during the COP21 talks on climate change in Paris and COP22 in Morocco.
The truth is that, in recent years, Uruguay has revolutionized the world with its energy generation methods, drastically reducing its carbon emissions, without the help of government subsidies or transferring costs to consumers.
In addition, they have concentrated on developing different forms of renewable technologies, which allows them to have more than 95% of their electricity generation from this type of source and without generating dependence on any.
A dramatic turn
In 2000 Uruguay depended on oil (which constituted 27% of its total imports) for much of its energy needs. It was very common to buy electricity from Argentina to alleviate frequent power outages and a new gas pipeline was being put into operation to bring gas from Brazil.
With this panorama, no one can explain how Uruguay is today one of the greenest countries in the world. And it is that, in recent years, investment in energy (much of it, renewable) reached 7 billion dollars, which has allowed them a rapid expansion of their wind turbine fields, as well as a greater investment in the solar and biomass industries.
To this must be added the extensive pre-existing hydroelectric network, which explains in some way why Uruguay now receives the vast majority of its energy from renewable sources. Taking into account the fuel used to cover the country's total energy needs, the contribution of renewables falls to 55%, but is still significantly higher than the world average of 12%.
A real example
Surprisingly, Uruguay has achieved this feat without any contribution from nuclear energy, nor from investment in "new technologies", which many politicians and experts have considered as the true solution to climate change and also do not depend on a single source, but rather they have several and most of them green.
The answer is as simple as that the country has invested in biomass energy generation (burning waste to produce electricity), in the restructuring and modernization of its hydroelectric plants, in the installation of countless solar panels (at an industrial and domestic level ) and from various wind power generation parks, taking advantage of favorable weather conditions.