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The workers of the Calilegua National Park, denounced this situation and the impunity with which the government of the province handles itself, ignoring the judicial presentations and other preventive measures that were adopted. The park rangers pointed out that these activities are promoted by the national government, administered by the provincial government through Jemse (a state company associated with a Chinese company) that intends to drill new oil wells, other wells for the injection of contaminated water resulting from the crude oil separation to separate gas / oil.
The illegal oil activity takes place within the Calilegua National Park and pollutes streams and water courses that are later consumed by the Caimancito and Yuto communities. The workers of the National Park have denounced the authorities of the Administration of National Parks (APN) before the Office of the Administrative Office of Investigations in File No. 30368/1713, for allowing an illegal project inside the park. They have contributed to the cause technical evidence in the form of analysis in university laboratories that certify the contamination of the Yuto stream and the Sauzalito stream. They also indicate that deep water contamination is recognized in a technical report from the same oil company, as a sworn statement.
The APN has been constituted as a plaintiff through the Directorate of Legal Affairs, to intervene in the case in which the environmental impact caused by the waters arising from the oil well "E-3" in the Arroyo Yuto area, outside of the jurisdiction of the Calilegua National Park. The Board of APN reported on the legal proceedings to determine the alleged violation of Law 24,051 on Hazardous Waste, which is being processed in the Federal Court of First Instance of San Salvador de Jujuy. And on October 24, APN communicated to the Jujuy Province Ministry of Mining and Hydrocarbons the rejection of the proposal presented by the companies that exploit the Caimancito oil field, as it was inappropriate according to Law 22,351, of National Parks and the General Law of the Environment and the Exploitation of Hydrocarbons.
The Association of State Workers in Calilegua APN denounces this week that there would be a project to disinfect the oil zone of the park and approve the continuity of extraction in the Caimancito Field without any control or restriction. They point out in their statement that on January 24, 2014, Carlos Corvalán, APN president, admitted an oil well drilling project in the Calilegua National Park, authorizing the company JHP, of Chinese capital, to present the Environmental Impact Study , knowing that the hydrocarbon activity is contrary to the law in territories under the jurisdiction of the APN (law 22,351).
They add that APN accompanies the Disaffection project - euphemistically called "Redesign of the Protected Area" - under a consensual strategy that APN "vigorously defend" the Protected Area, and that the Government of Jujuy, in "defense of the development of the province", “Be forced” to request the Deactivation of the National Park before Congress, where Nation and Province have the necessary majority to carry out the maneuver.
Together with authorities from the Jujuy Catholic Church (Episcopal Commission for Aboriginal Pastoral, Bishop Cesar Daniel Fernández), the Self-convened Neighbors presented a petition to Governor Eduardo Fellner in which they request the remediation of the contaminated waters in Yuto, Caimancito, the National Park itself Calilegua, in addition to the cessation of exploitation of the Caimancito Oil Field. The presentation is accompanied by 1500 signatures from San Salvador de Jujuy. The Jujuy government had recently extended the concession in favor of the JHP company for a further 20 years, authorizing it to drill new oil wells, but without establishing environmental management plans or remediation of existing environmental liabilities.
Other actors in this case are the national deputy Mario Fiad, the provincial legislators Pablo Baca and Manuela Cabello and the Pámpanos Foundation, who presented an appeal before the Federal Justice of Jujuy to intervene and investigate the consequences of this oil exploitation, obtaining a provision in that sense on the part of the Federal Chamber of Salta. The officials and the Foundation had initiated a lawsuit before Federal Judge Mariano Cardozo to stop oil exploitation and issue an environmental liability in Calilegua. Cardozo rejected the amparo appeal, but now, before the ruling of the Chamber, he must carry out the pertinent investigations and resolve the substantive matter, understanding in his text that the National Park is also a strict reserve. The own president of the Commission of Ecology and Environment of the Legislature of Jujuy, indicated that this oil exploitation is prohibited by the current laws.
The Caimancito oil field began to be exploited in 1969, occupying 5,700ha. In 1979, the Ledesma company donated 76,000 hectares for the creation of the Calilegua National Park, an area that included the oil field sector, for which the environmental conflict of land use passed to the APN, and there it remained. With this return that the case has had, the provincial government now seems to discover that it is obliged to apply an environmental remediation plan, and to manage the closure of the Caimancito Well.
The Calilegua National Park was created in order to preserve a representative area of the Tucuman-Oranian jungle, known as “yungas”, and it constitutes the environment with the greatest biodiversity in the country together with the Paraná jungle, in Misiones.
It is the only national park in the province of Jujuy and the largest protected area in Argentina dedicated to the conservation of mountain rainforests. Access is free. It is the most important environmental corridor in the Argentine Northwest, the last zone of connectivity between the North and Center sectors of the Yungas Forest and the Chaco, particularly rich in biodiversity.