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2015 could bring drinking water shortages and fires

2015 could bring drinking water shortages and fires


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According to the specialist, one of the adverse impacts that should draw the attention of the authorities and the public in general, is in relation to the crisis of scarcity of water for human consumption that could be unleashed in the first four months of 2015 in more of a hundred municipalities in the country's dry corridor, which would also affect the spread of some diseases.

“Due to the deficit in rainfall this year, the surface and underground water bodies did not recover and we must estimate what may happen later, especially in the more than five thousand rural aqueducts that allow access to drinking water to a little more of a million Nicaraguans ”, considered Meléndez.

In addition, there is a high probability that due to the dryness of the soils, particularly in rural areas, agricultural and forest fires can become widespread, because people who go hunting for family food continue to use the same method as always .

“The hunters identify a hole where a cusuco, an iguana or garrobo hides, they set it on fire at the entrance and once the animal runs away, people and dogs go behind the prey and forget to put out the fire. Then, due to the strong winds that occur in the dry season, fires easily spread, "said the specialist.

HAZARDOUS TEMPERATURES

Between January and April 2015, the general public must anticipate the presence of high temperatures.

"It is a type of scenario that should force us from now on to inform the population about measures aimed at people with cardiovascular diseases and hypertension," says Meléndez.

For his part, Dr. Mauricio Castillo, recommends that patients with heart, respiratory or obesity problems should avoid direct exposure to sunlight on those days, they should ingest enough water, avoid carbonated drinks and drastically reduce salt consumption.

5,500 AQUEDUCTS Rural areas are managed communally and allow access to clean water for at least one million Nicaraguans.

El Niño visits the region more and more often

Cyclic • The scientific community has warned that according to the variability of the climate, the El Niño phenomenon is a recurrent climatic condition with periods of intervals of 2 to 5 years.

The last time an El Niño phenomenon had been recorded in Nicaragua was in 2012, and this year it settled again in the region, that is, after two years, with the variant that it severely affected only the first subperiod of the rainy season.

“During the second sub-cycle, which runs from August to October, the climatic phenomenon varied, since it was estimated that in these last months of winter the El Niño phenomenon would finish installing, but at the end of September and entering October there were significant rainfall that had adverse effects on people and agriculture ”, said Denis Meléndez, facilitator of the National Board of Risk Management.

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