The Evolution of the Bicycle

The Evolution of the Bicycle

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A 1 min animation about the evolution of the bicycle, all the way from the wooden horse to the concept we currently know.

"A bicycle is a two-wheeled vehicle, human-powered, with one wheel behind the other."

The first bicycle track dates back to 1493, where Leonardo da Vinci made a sketch of a very advanced bicycle, however this has not been proven to be true. So there are many uncertainties about when and who invented the bicycle.

Bicycles and their improvements throughout history:

00:05 – 00:12

In 1790, a Frenchman named Comte Mede de Sivrac claims to be the first to join two wheels at each end of a piece of wood. This creation is referred to as "Velocifere" or "Celerifere"

1817, The German Karl Drais von Sauerbronn built the first steerable bicycle, the "Draisine". This particular model is not shown in this animation.

00:23 – 00:25

1818 In England, Denis Johnson improved the draisine. It's model, "Dandy Horse" had bigger wheels and was lighter.

00:30 – 00:32

In 1839, the Scotsman, Kirkpatrick MacMillan is believed to be the inventor of the first pedal-driven bicycle, inspired by the locomotive.

00:34 – 00:36

1866, velocipede by Pierre Lallement "The Boneshaker" is one of the first bicycles with pedals that are attached to the front wheel. Inland partner Pierre Michau invented a similar model around the same time and it is unclear who was actually the first to put pedals on a wheel, although he is known to be from France.

00:38 – 00:39

1869, Frenchman Eugene Meyer is credited with inventing the first tall wheeled bicycle, the famous "Penny-Farthing". The Englishman James Starley made a lot of new improvements to the high wheels and in 1870 he invented the "Ariel".

00:43 – 00:44

1880-1885, GW Pressey invented the "American Star" bicycle, followed by the "Pony Bicycle Star" by William S. Kelley

00:46 – 00:47

1879, bicyclette by Harry J. Lawson

00:49 – 00:50

1891, W. Scantlebury and J. K. Starley

00:51 – 00:52

1885, J. Starley "Rover Safety Bicycle"

1890 C. D. Rice

Animation: Thallis Vestergaard

Music: Flying Home by The Benny Goodman Sextet

Video: The Evolution of the bicycle (June 2022).


  1. Stephenson


  2. Jim

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