They decipher the mysterious origin of the gigantic holes in Siberia

They decipher the mysterious origin of the gigantic holes in Siberia

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The reality is that it is a natural phenomenon that corroborates climate change, according to scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University (Siberia).

The extraordinary thing is that this phenomenon in all natural sight has occurred in such a short space of time, before our eyes. Normally, geological phenomena are the result of processes of hundreds or thousands of years, but the "black holes", as the craters that appeared in the Yamal peninsula are also known, which means "End of the Earth" in aboriginal language, are relatively Recent

They are a direct consequence of the global warming of our planet that is causing the perpetual ice that covers the Siberian tundra to melt.

Ice contains gas and when the thickness of the frozen surface is reduced, that gas shoots out as if it were fumaroles in volcanic areas and creates those holes with such ideal shapes that they seem made by man, by aliens or a meteorite , as discussed on social networks.

Scientists continue to carry out research to determine the cause of this natural phenomenon, but some signs have already been identified: an analysis of the air at the bottom of the crater has found concentrations of methane (CH4) close to 9.6%, when the normal concentration in air is 0.000179%. Russian scientists have indicated that the crater is only a couple of years old.

Methane: the great danger

Methane is a gas whose greenhouse effect is more powerful than the effect of CO2, methane can heat the planet 21 times more than CO2. Scientific popularizer César Tomé indicates that the release of methane into the atmosphere could increase in the coming years, "with potentially disastrous consequences."

According to information presented by the Washington Post, methane is kept underground in Siberia by the action of a layer of permafrost (permanently frozen soil). The unusual warming of 2012 and 2013, or the long-term warming that occurs in the region, could have caused the permafrost layer (permanently frozen soil) to melt, allowing a huge methane bubble to be released into the atmosphere.

Anna Kurchatova, a specialist at the Sub-Arctic Scientific Research Center, explains that the gas combined with ice mixed with sand, under the surface 10,000 years ago, when the region was a sea. Now, with global warming, there has been a melting of the icy surface, releasing the gas and causing an effect similar to that which occurs when the gas expels the cork from a champagne bottle.

Another concern for scientists is that the amount of methane that is trapped under permafrost (permanently frozen soil) is unknown. It is possible that as global warming progresses, more methane will be released into the atmosphere, greatly increasing the amount of greenhouse gases accumulated on the globe.

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